The first crossword appeared on December 21st 1913 in Joseph Pulitzer’s paper, the New York World. It was composed by Liverpool-born Arthur Wynne (1871-1945). He introduced a diamond-shaped puzzle with a hollow centre and called it the Word-Cross Puzzle.
Although it was based on earlier puzzle forms, Wynne became the first to introduce horizontal and vertical lines for solvers to enter letters and the use of black squares to separate words in rows and columns. A few weeks after the first puzzle appeared the name was changed to Crossword – allegedly as a result of a typesetting error.
So here is to Liverpudlian Arthur Wynne who has made many mornings more fun for Partner-who-loves-tea, GB and me.